John Fuller (1757-1834) was one of the major early patrons of the Royal Institution. He was a wealthy Sussex ironmaster and MP for Southampton (1780-4) and for Sussex (1801-12). In 1818 he loaned the Institution £1000 (say £100,000 in modern terms) which he later wrote off. In 1828 he established the Fuller medal of the Royal Institution; and in early 1833 he founded the Fullerian Professorship of Chemistry and a little later the Fullerian Professorship of Physiology. Despite such generosity the Royal Institution has remarkably few archival documents relating to him. But this is more than compensated for by the number of portraits of him that the Institution possesses.
William Odling (1829-1921) Born at Southwark. Died at Oxford. Received an Hon MA from Oxford University. Became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1859. In 1875 was granted an Hon PhD by Leiden University, Holland. Was a Professor of Chemistry at Oxford. Was a reader in chemistry at St. Bartholomew's Hospital in London from 1850 to 1868 and at Guy's Hospital, London between 1850 and 1863. Between 1868 and 1873 was professor in Chemistry at the Royal Institution.
John Hall Gladstone (1827-1902) Born at Hackney, London 7 March 1827. Died suddenly in London 6 October 1902. Studied chemistry at University College, London and graduated as Ph.D. from the University of Giessen in 1847. He became a chemical lecturer at St Thomas's hospital in 1850 and was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1853, at the unusually young age of twenty-six. Between 1874 and 1877 Gladstone was a Fullerian professor of chemistry at the Royal Institution.
Sir James Dewar (1842-1923) Born at Kincardine-on-Forth, Scotland 20 September 1842. Died 27 March 1923. Educated at Edinburgh University. In 1875 he became professor of experimental philosophy at Cambridge and then at the Royal Institution in 1877. He became president of the British Association in 1904 and was knighted in 1904.
William Henry Bragg (1862-1942) Born at Westward, Cumberland 2 July 1862. Died 10 March 1942. Educated at Market Harborough Grammar School and King William's College, Isle of Man. Became successively Cavendish Professor of Physics at Leeds (1909-1915), Quain Professor of Physics at University College London (1915-1925), and Fullerian Professor of Chemistry in the Royal Institution. Was made a C.B.E. in 1917 and was knighted in 1920. With son William Lawrence Bragg, won Nobel prize in 1915.
Sir Henry Hallett Dale (1875-1968) Born at London 9 June 1875. Died 23 July 1968 at Cambridge. Graduated from University of Cambridge 1909 in medicine. Shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with the German pharmacologist Otto Loewi in 1936. Knighted in 1932 and awarded the Order of Merit in 1944.
Sir Eric Keightley Rideal (1890-1974) Born at Sydenham, Kent. He died in a nursing home in London in 1974. Educated at Oundle and Cambridge. Became a lecturer in colloid science at Cambridge (1930-46). Became a Fullerian Professor and Director of the Royal Institution in 1946. Was knighted in 1951. Was elected a Fellow of King's College London in 1963.
Edward Neville da Costa Andrade (1887-1971) Born at London. Educated at St. Dunstan's College, Catford and University College, London. Fullerian Professor of Chemistry and Director of the Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory between 1950 and 1952. In 1957 he was appointed a Senior Research Fellow at Imperial College.
William Lawrence Bragg (1890-1971) Born in Adelaide, South Australia in 31 March 1890. Attended St Peter's College and studied science at the University there. Moved to England with his family in 1909. Studied mathematics and physics at Trinity College, Cambridge. Received OBE in 1918 and was knighted in 1941. Shared Nobel Prize for Physics with his father in 1915. Professor of Natural Philosophy, 1938-1953; Fullerian Professor of Chemistry, 1954-1966; Director of the Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory, 1954-1966; Director, 1965-1966; Emeritus Professor, 1966-1971.
Lord George Porter (1920-2002) Born in the West Riding of Yorkshire 6 December 1920. Was an Ackroyd Scholar at Leeds University. Became Director and Fullerian Professor of Chemistry at the Royal Institution in 1966. He is Director of the Davy Faraday Research Laboratory of the Royal Institution. He was knighted in January 1972.
Sir John Meurig Thomas Born December 1932 in South Wales. Attended Llechyfedach Primary and Gwendraeth Valley Secondary Schools. Studied at the University of Wales. Was knighted in 1991. Director of the Royal Institution and Director of the Davy-Faraday Research Laboratory from 1986 to 1991. Fullerian Professor of Chemistry 1988-1994.
Peter DayBorn in 1938 in Kent. Was a graduate student at Wadham College, Oxford, of which he is now an Honorary Fellow. His doctoral research was carried out in Oxford and Geneva. Was appointed Director of The Royal Institution and its Davy Faraday Research Laboratory in 1991, where subsequently he became Fullerian Professor of Chemistry.
Peter Mark Roget (1779-1869) Born 17 January 1779 in London. Died at West Malvern,Worcestershire. Studied medicine at Edinburgh University at the age of fourteen. Author of Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases first published in 1852. In 1814 Roget invented a slide-rule that would calculate the roots and powers of numbers.
Robert Edmond Grant(1793 -1874) Graduated medical school at Edinburgh in 1814 and become a doctor. He later become a specialist in marine biology and invertebrate zoology. Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy 1837-1838.
Thomas Rymer Jones (1810-1880) Zoologist. Professor of comparative anatomy at King's College, London from 1836 to 1874. Fullerian professor of physiology at the Royal Institution, 1840-1842. Made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1844.
William Benjamin Carpenter (1813-1885) Born at Exeter, 29 October 1813. Died at London 19 November 1885. Eminent physiologist and friend of Charles Darwin. A biologist, he formulated the theory of ocean circulation. Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy from 1844 to 1848.
William Withey Gull (1816-1890) Born at Colchester, Essex, 31 December 1816. Died 29 January 1890 at London. Studied at Guy's Hospital, graduating M.B. from the University of London in 1841, and received his M.D. in 1846.
Thomas Henry Huxley (1825-1895) Born at Ealing 4 May 1825. Died at Eastbourne, Sussex 29 June 1895. Self-educated. Distinguished zoologist. Grandsons Andrew Fielding Huxley and Julian Sorell Huxley were also Fullerian Professors.
Sir Michael Foster (1836-1907) Born at Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire 8 March 1836. Died suddenly in London 29 January 1907. Physiologist and educator who introduced modern methods of teaching biology and physiology that emphasize laboratory training. Graduated from London University, 1859, in medicine.
William Rutherford (1839-1899) Born at Anerum, Scotland. Professor of physiology, King's College, London, 1869. Fullerian professor of physiology, Royal Institution of London, 1871. Professor of physiology, Edinburgh University, 1874-1899. Co-editor of Journal of Anatomy and Physiology, 1875-1876 and Journal of Physiology, 1878.
Alfred Henry Garrod(1846-1879) Vertebrate zoologist. Professor of comparative anatomy at King's College, London, from 1874. Became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1876. Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy from 1875 to 1878.
John Gray McKendrick (1841-1926) Born at Aberdeen, Scotland. Professor of Physiology in Edinburgh in 1869. Honours included FRS (London and Edinburgh) and LLD (Glasgow and Aberdeen).
Arthur Gamgee (1841-1909) Born 11 Oct 1841. Died 29 May 1909. Author of "A text-book of the physiological chemistry of the animal body : including an account of the chemical changes occurring in disease" published in 1880. Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy from 1884 to 1888.
George John Romanes (1848-1894) Born at Smith Falls, Ontario, Canada on 19 May 19 1848. Died 23 May 1894. He attended Royal High School in Edinburgh and attended college at Edinburgh University where he studied theology, graduating in 1826. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1879.
Sir Victor Alexander Haden Horsley (1857-1916) Born at London 14 April 1857. Horsley was knighted in 1902. He died at Amarah, Iraq, on 16 July 1916, of heatstroke, while serving as field surgeon for the British Army during World War I. Professor of Pathology, University College London between 1887 and 1896.
Edwin Ray Lankester (1847-1929) Invertebrate zoologist. Professor of Zoology, University College, London from 1875 to 1891;Jodrell Professor of Zoology, UCL 1874-1891; Linacre Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Oxford, 1891-1898;Director, British Museum (Natural History), from 1898.
Louis Compton Miall (1843-1921) Received no formal training, though later attended Leeds School of Medicine. Became secretary of Bradford Philosophical Society, c 1853. Appointed curator to the museum of the Leeds Philosophical Society, 1871. Professor of biology, Yorkshire College of Science, University of Leeds, 1876-1907.
William Bateson (1861-1926) Studied at Cambridge University between 1887 and 1890.Silliman Lecturer, Yale University, 1907; Professor of genetics, Cambridge University, 1908-1910; Director, John Innes Horticultural Institution, 1910-1926; Fullerian Professor of Physiology, Royal Institution, 1912-1914.
Charles Scott Sherrington (1857) Born at Islington, London, 27 November 1857. Died suddenly of heart failure at Eastbourne in 1952. In 1876 Sherrington began medical studies at St. Thomas's Hospital and in 1878 passed the primary examination of the Royal College of Surgeons, and a year later the primary examination for the Fellowship of that College. Received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1932.awarded the Royal Medal in 1905 and the Copley Medal in 1927. In 1922 the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire and in 1924 the Order of Merit were conferred upon him. Awarded the Royal Medal in 1905 and the Copley Medal in 1927. In 1922 the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire and in 1924 the Order of Merit were conferred upon him.
Sir Arthur Keith (1866-1955) Born at Quarry Farm, Aberdeen on 5 February 1866. Died 7 January 1955, Downe, Kent. He won the first Struthers prize (1893) with a demonstration of the ligaments of man and ape. In 1894 he became a fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and received his M.D. degree from Aberdeen. He was knighted in 1921
Julian Sorell Huxley(1887-1975) Born 22 June 1887. Died February 14 1975. Biologist. Elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1938. Was knighted in 1958. Brother of author Aldous Huxley; half-brother of Arthur Fielding Huxley and grandson of biologist Thomas Henry Huxley.
John Burdon Sanderson Haldane (1892-1964) Born on 5 November 1892. Died on 1 December 1964.Was educated at Eton and at New College Oxford where he attained his MA. Then he went to University College London to become Professor of Genetics (1933-1937) and later Professor of Biometry (1937-1957).
Grafton Elliot Smith (1871-1937) Born at Grafton, New South Wales,Australia, 15 August 1871. Died in London 1 January 1937. In 1907, Smith was appointed Anatomical Advisor of the Archaeological Survey of Nubia and was elected to be part of the fellowship of the Royal Society and later earned a Royal Medal in 1912. He was knighted in 1934.
Sir Edward Mellanby(1884 -1955) Born 8 April 1884 in West Hartlepool, County Durham. He discovered that rickets, which causes bone deformation in growing children, is caused by a poor diet.
Jack Cecil Drummond (1891-1952) Born 12 January 1891. Murdered in France, 4 August 1952. In 1919 he named vitamin C, and proposed the change in spelling from vitamine to vitamin.
Sir James Gray (1891-1975) Born in London. Educated at the Merchant Taylors' School, 1905-1909, and King's College, Cambridge where he read for the Natural Sciences Tripos, 1909-1913. He was elected FRS in 1929 (Croonian Lecture 1939, Royal Medal 1948) and was knighted in 1954.
Sir Edward James Salisbury (1886-1978) Born 16 April 1886. Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew (1943-1956). Served as Qwain Professor of Botany, University College, London. He was knighted in 1946.
Harold Munro Fox(1889-1967) Born Harold Munro Fuchs in Clapham, London, 1889. Elected Fellow of the Royal Society, 1937; Professor of Zoology, Bedford College, London, 1941-1954. Fox's research spanned more than fifty years, ranging over many aspects of zoology, but was focused on researching marine invertebrates and ostracod crustacea.
John Zachary Young (1907-1997)Neurologist. Fellow of Magdalen College 1931-45, made Honorary Fellow in 1976, Professor of Anatomy, University College London 1945-74, and Emeritus Professor from 1975.
Sir Richard John Harrison (1920-1999) Died on 18 October 1999. Wrote several books on the subject of marine mammals. Fellow of the Royal Society; Emeritus Professor of Anatomy and Honorary Fellow of Downing College.
Andrew Fielding Huxley(1917- ) Born at Hampstead, London,22 November 1917. Educated at University College School (1925-1930) and Westminster School (1930-1935, King's Scholar); and went up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1935 with a major entrance scholarship.Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1963. Younger, half-brother of Sir Julian Huxley the biologist and author Aldous Huxley. Grandson of biologist Thomas Henry Huxley. He received a knighthood in 1974.
Max Ferdinand Perutz(1914-) Born in Vienna on 19 May 19 1914. Fellow of the Royal Society; was made Companion of the British Empire in 1962. Awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1962. He is an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Lord David Chilton Phillips (1924-1999) Born at Ellesmere, Shropshire, 7 March 1924. Died London 23 March 1999. He took a PhD in Cardiff and then worked on crystallography in Ottawa. Research Worker, Royal Institution of Great Britain 1956-66, Fullerian Professor of Physiology 1979-85; Professor of Molecular Biophysics, Oxford University 1966-90 (Emeritus): Fellow, Corpus Christi College, Oxford 1966-90; FRS 1967; Vice-President, Royal Society 1972-73, 1976-83, Biological Secretary 1976-83; Kt 1979; Chairman, Advisory Board of the Research Councils 1983-93; KBE 1989; created 1994 Baron Phillips of Ellesmere.
Sir John Bertrand Gurdon FRS is a scientist of great distinction and has been the John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Cell Biology at the University of Cambridge since 1991. He is also Chairman of the Wellcome Cancer Research Campaign Institute. Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Chicago, 1978. Honorary Doctor of Science, University of Glasgow, 2000.
Dame Anne Laura McLaren DPhil DBE FRS Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge 1991..In 1986, she was made a Fellow of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists for her pioneering work on fertility.
Baroness Susan Adele Greenfield, CBE. Born 1 October 1950. Director of the Royal Institution of Great Britain; Fullerian Professor of Physiology; Senior Research Fellow, Lincoln College; Honorary Fellow, St. Hilda's College. She was awarded the CBE in the Millennium New Year's Honour's List and Life Peerage (non-political) in 2001.
Thomas Wharton Jones (1808-1891) Born at St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, 9 January 1808. Died Ventnor, Isle of Wight, 7 November 1891. Opthamologist. Wrote Failure of Sight from Railway and Other Injuries of the Spine and Head (1855). Became Fellow of the Royal Society 30 April 1840.
Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer FRCP, FRS (1850-1935) Born 2 June 1850. Died 29 Mar 1935 In 1910, he suggested that a single chemical component was missing from the pancreas of diabetics and called it "insulin". Assistant Professor of Physiology at University College London, 1874-1883; Jodrell Professor, 1883-1899; Professor of Physiology, University of Edinburgh, 1899-1933.
Charles Stewart (1840-1907) Born at Plymouth, England 18 May 1840. Died at London, 27 September 1907. Became a Fellow of the Royal Society, 4 June 1896.
Frederick Walker Mott (1853-1896) Born at Brighton, Sussex,23 October 1853. Died at Birmingham, Warwickshire, 08 June 1926. Pioneer of British Biochemistry. Knighted in 1919. Became a Fellow of the Royal Society, 4 June 1896.
Sir Joseph Barcroft (1872-1947) Born The Glen, Newry, County Down, Ireland 26 July 1872. Died at Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, 21 March 1947. CBE 1918; Kt 1935.Became a Fellow of the Royal Society, 5 May 1910. Was awarded the Royal Medal 1922; Copley Medal 1943. Became a Croonian lecturer in 1935.
Sir Frederick William Keeble (1870-1952) Born 2 March 1870. Died 19 October 1952. CBE 1917; Kt 1922. Became a Fellow of the Royal Society,1 May 1913. Author of Plant-animals: a study in symbiosis published in 1910 and "Life of plants" first published in 1926.
Allen Macfadyen: Developed an anti-endotoxic serum for the treatment of typhoid. Was working at the Jenner Institute of Preventative Medicine, Chelsea Gardens, Grosvenor Road London in 1899. Published in 1908: The Cell as a Unit of Life and other lectures Delivered at the Royal Institution, London, 1899-1902. An Introduction to Biology by the Late Allan Macfadyen, M.D., B.Sc.
William Stirling (1851-1932) M.D. Royal Institution Lecture: Biology and the cinematograph' April-May 1911